Department- Botany

The department of Botany in Acharya Panth Shri Grindh Muni Naam Saheb Govt. PG College Kawardha was established . Graduation level classes (B.Sc.) are being conducted in Botany Department. The Main Vision of the Botany department is to conduct authentic research, teaching and outreach on the pattern and processes of life with a focus on plants and their environments.

                   Our Mission is to foster an environment of excellence by attracting and supporting the outstanding students, faculty and staff dedicated sustain our vision. We focus on enable predictive understanding of plants at their local regional and global scales.

                             DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

Programme Outcomes,Programme Specific Outcomes and Course Outcomes


The aim of theundergraduate and postgraduate degree in Botany is to make studentsknowledgeable about the various basic concepts in wide ranging contexts whichinvolve use of knowledge and skills of Plant Science. B.Sc. and M.Sc Botany isthree and Two year undergraduate and Postgraduate programme covers wide rangeof basic and applied Botany courses as well as a course of interdisciplinarynature. The course is designed to build a strong Botanical knowledge base inthe student, and further more, acquaints the students with the applied aspectsof this fascinating discipline as well. The student is thus equipped to applythe skill learnt in the programme to solving practical societal problem.


         The courseintroduces students to the importance of plants as an integral part ofexistence on the planet. It is imperative to internalise fully the fact thathuman existence depends on plants and hence, the necessity to conserve natureis the need of the hour. A few activities are conducted at the end of the eachsemester which are relevant to the topics covered. Algal collections, mushroomcultivation, visits to tissue culture labs, plant collection trips, maintenanceof plant diversity on campus are few of the activities. These activities enablethe students to study the subject outside the classroom environment.





{A} Programme outcomes:

Upon completion of B. Sc. and M.Sc. Botany programmestudent will be able to:

(Po for undergraduate)

1.    Knowledge and understanding aboutplant diversity.

2.    Practical skills in the field andlaboratory experiments.

3.    Presentation skills (oral &writing) in life sciences.

4.    4 Scientific knowledge in lifescience and fundamental metabolism of plants.

5.    Knowledge about biodiversityexploration, estimation and conservation.

 (Po for postgraduates)

1.    This program is a Research orientedlearning

2.    It enhances skills in handlingscientific instruments, planning and      executing biological research.

3.    It also Promotes creative and novelideas in biological concepts.

4.    It provides Entrepreneurship skilldevelopment


{B} Programme SpecificOutcomes:


PSO 1. A studentcompleting the course is able to understand different banches of Botany such assystematics, evolution, ecology, developmental biology, physiology,biochemistry, plant interactions with microbes and insects, morphology,anatomy, reproduction, genetics and molecular biology of various life-forms.

 PSO 2. They becomes competent enough invarious analytical and technical skills related to plant sciences.

PSO 3. The studentcompleting the course is able to identify various life forms of plants, designand execute experiments related to basic studies on evolution, ecology,developmental biology, physiology, biochemistry, plant interactions withmicrobes and insects, morphology, anatomy, reproduction, genetics,microbiology, molecular biology, recombinant DNA technology, proteomics andtransgenic technology. Students are also familiarized with the use ofbioinformatics tools and databases and in the application of statistics tobiological data.

 PSO 4. The student completing the course iscapable to perform short research projects using various tools and techniquesin plant sciences and develop scientific temperament and research attitude.

PSO-5. Know structure-activityrelationship.

PSO-6. Understand good laboratorypractices and safety.

PSO-7. Develop research orientedskills.

PSO-8.make aware and handle thesophisticated instruments/equipments

PSO-9. Use modern Zoological tools,Models, Charts and Equipments.

PSO-10. Know structure-activityrelationship.

PSO-11. Understand good laboratorypractices and safety.

PSO-12. Develop research orientedskills.

PSO13-.Make aware and handle thesophisticated instruments/equipments

{B} Programme SpecificOutcomes:


PSO 1: Acquire knowledge on fundamentals of Microbiology& basictechniques.

PSO 2: Understand details of diversity and morphology of microbialworld.

PSO 3: Grasp the fundamental concepts of biochemistry.

PSO-4 . Gain theknowledge of Chemistry through theory and practicas.

PSO-5. To explainnomenclature, stereochemistry, structures, reactivity, and mechanism of thechemical reactions.

PSO-6. Identifychemical formulae and solve numerical problems.

PSO-7 To createawareness about cultivation, conservation and sustainable utilization ofbiodiversity.

PSO-8. To know advancetechniques in plant sciences like tissue culture, Phytoremediation, plantdisease management, formulation of new herbal drugs etc.

 PSO-9 Students able to start nursery, mushroomcultivation, biofertilizer production, fruit preservation and horticulturalpractices.

{B} Programme SpecificOutcomes:


PSO-1:  Understand good laboratory practices andsafety.

 PSO-2: Introduce advanced techniques and ideasrequired in developing area of Chemistry.

PSO-3:Enhance students ability to develop mathematical models .

PSO-4. Students acquirefundamental Botanical knowledge through theory and practical‟s.

 PSO-5. To explain basis plant of life,reproduction and their survival in nature. Department of Botany

PSO-6. Helped tounderstand role of living and fossil plants in our life.

PSO-7. Understand goodlaboratory practices and safety.

PSO-8. Identifychemical formulae and solve numerical problems.

PSO-9. Use modernchemical tools, Models, Chem-draw, Charts and Equipments.

PSO-10. Knowstructure-activity relationship.

{B} Programme SpecificOutcomes:

    PSO for postgraduate

1 . The students will be qualified toface IFS, CSIR-NET, SET, GATE, ICMR.NET, ICAR.NET etc.,


2 . They become focused to take upResearch and Teaching opportunities


3      . They become Hands on expertise inlife sciences.

4      It promotes career and jobopportunities in both Govt. and private sectors.


{C} Course Outcomes:


CORE COURSE I – PLANTDIVERSITY – I (Algae, fungi, Lichens, Plant Protection and Bryophytes) OutcomeLearn about the structure, pigmentation, food reserves and methods ofreproduction of Algae  Learn about thestructure, pigmentation, food reserves and methods of reproduction of FungiKnow about the Economic importance of algae, Fungi and lichen Studied someplant diseases with special reference to the causative agents, symptoms,etiology and control measures.

 CORE COURSE II – PLANT DIVERSITY – II(PTERIDOPHYTES, GYMNOSPERMS & PALEOBOTANY) Outcome Learn about the generalcharacters and classification by K.R. Sporne, stelar evolution inPteridophytes, heterospory and origin of seed habit. Know about the structure,life history and Economic importance of Gymnosperms. Studied the methods offossilization and fossil plants.

CORE COURSE III –PRACTICAL – I Objectives Microscopic observation and identification of algae,fungi, bryophytes, lichens, pteridophytes and gymnosperm Observation of cropplants infected by the pathogens included in the syllabus and study ofsymptoms, causative agents and etiology. Training students to preparemicropreparation and showing the stages of mitosis (Onion root tips) andshowing permanent slides/photographs of mitosis and meiosis . Micropreparationof stems, roots and leaf of dicot[TridoxI]and monocot[Chloris&Canna]

 CORE COURSE IV – CYTOLOGY, ANATOMY AND MICROTECHNIQUES Outcome Learn the structure, chemistry and functions of cellularorganelles Meristems Gain knowledge on fixation, dehydration, embedding, handsectioning, microtome sectioning .

 CORE COURSE V – EMBRYOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS ANDPLANT TISSUE CULTURE Outcome Learn about double fertilization and theirsignificance Know about the Structure and development of dicot and monocotembryos. Understand the basic knowledge about tissue culture tools, medium,sterilization and techniques of tissue culture. Learn about the production ofSynthetic seeds & significance Study about the role of tissue culture in cropimprovement.

CORE COURSE VI –BIOCHEMISTRY, MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND INSTRUMENTATION Outcome Learn theproperties, Enzyme catalysis and activation energy– Mechanism of enzyme actionStudy the structure and properties of Macromolecules Gain skill on workingprinciples of pH meter, colorimeter and centrifuge Learn the technique ofElectrophoresis & Chromatography..

COURSE VII – PRACTICAL– II 1. To dissect out and mount Dicot embryo (Tridax) 2. To learn the Planttissue culture techniques, preparation of culture medium. 3. To know about theproduction synthetic seeds 4. Measurement of pH of a solution. 5. Estimation ofstarch in plant tissues. (Colorimetric method) 6. Qualitative test forcarbohydrates/protein/lipids

CORE COURSE VIII –TAXONOMY OF ANGIOSPERMS AND ECONOMIC BOTANY Outcome 1. Learn the types ofclassifications- artificial, Natural and phylogenetic. 2. Gain knowledge aboutBotanical Survey of India (BSI). 3. Briefly studied on herbarium techniques. 4.Learn the taxonomic evidences from molecular, numerical and chemicals. 5. Briefstudied the economic products with special reference to the Botanical name,family, morphology of useful part and the uses

CORE COURSE IX –GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING Outcome Learn about Mendelian principles Know aboutgene mapping methods & Extra chromosomal inheritance Familiarize aboutEvolution & Emergence of evolutionary thoughts Gain knowledge on Plantbreeding techniques

 CORE COURSE X – PLANT ECOLOGY ANDBIOSTATISTICS Course outcome Learn the Approaches to the study of Ecology(Autecology, Synecology and Genecology) Understand the population &Community Ecology - concept of metapopulation Know about the Principles of Toxicologyand types of Toxins, sources, metabolism and Biological monitoring Studiedvarious statistical methods of analysis

 CORE COURSE XI – PRACTICAL – III (Covering theCore courses VIII, IX & X) 1. Dissect out the floral parts of plants comingunder the families prescribed in the theory syllabus. 2. Field study to afloristic rich area is must for a period of three days only under supervisionto observe and collect the plants in their natural habitats, 3. Submit minimumof twenty herbarium Plants with a proper field note book with correctidentification for external valuation 4. Identify the economic products relatedto theory syllabus and write Botanical name, family and uses. 5. Observe thegenetic variations among inter and intra specific plants. 6. Demonstration ofemasculation experiment 7. Arrive primary data from the given sample(leaves/pods) and give diagrammatic representation (Histogram), Calculate mean,median and mode and standard deviation. 8. Ecological field study-Quadrats andLine transect methods of vegetation study.

CORE COURSE XII – PLANTPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS Course outcome Know about the requirement of mineralnutrition for plant growth Understand the process of Photosynthesis,Respiration and Nitrogen metabolism Learn about Sensory photobiology Know aboutthe Plant Growth hormones (Auxins, Gibberellins. Cytokinins, Ethylene)Understand the biosynthesis of terpenes, phenols and nitrogenous compoundsUnderstand the concepts in biophysics

1. CORE COURSE XIII –MICROBIOLOGY Learning outcome: Learn about classification, characteristics,ultra structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic microbes Know about organisms andcausal factor responsible for plant diseases & methods of studying plantdiseases Familiarize with some common plant diseases of India Gain knowledge onHost parasite interaction process

 CORE COURSE XIV – BIOTECHNOLOGY Course outcomeLearn the micro and megasporogenesis Know about the morphogenesis andorganogenesis in plants.. Learn the specific and non-specific methods of genetransfer Recombinant DNA technology Applications of Biotechnology in Plant,Animal and Human welfare Biotechnology and IPR, Biosaftey, Biopiracy,Bioterrorism and Bioethics.


1. Determination ofOsmotic Pressure – Plasmolytic method.

2. Measurement of WaterPotential – Chardakov's method [Falling drop method]

3. Measurement of WaterPotential – Gravimetric method

4. Determination ofSuction Pressure – Weighing method.

 5. Rate of Photosynthesis – HydrillaExperiment of Willmont's Bubbler using different colour filters.

6. Rate ofPhotosynthesis using different concentrations of sodium-bicarbonate (Bubblemethod).

 7. Extraction and separation of PhotosyntheticPigments by Chromatography techniques (any one method).

 8. Determination of chlorophyll pigments bypaper chromatography method

9. Preparation ofNutrient Agar, Agar plates, Slants, Potato Dextrose Agar medium – PDA

10. Motility ofBacteria – Hanging Drop Technique 11. Preparation of biogas from cow dung.

 ELECTIVE COURSE III (A) – BIOFERTILIZERS &BIOPESTICIDES Outcome Learn the characteristics, identification, culturalmethods and maintenance of Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Azolla and Anabaena. Knowabout Mycorrhiza – VAM association, types, occurrence, collection, isolationand inoculum production. Studied the method of large scale production ofbiofertilizer & Organic farming Get knowledge on Biopesticides -characteristics, physiology, mechanism of action and application.




                            Tilak Sonwane

                      Department of Botany

                    A.P.S.G.M.N.S. Govt. P.G. College kawardha (C.G.)


Botany Department Faculties

S NoFaculty PhotoFaculty NameQualificationDepartmentDesignationMobile No
2 Tilak SonwaneMsc (Botany),GATEBotanyGuest Lecturer7566414649
3 श्री ओंकार नाथ कुरैM.Sc.Botanyप्रयोगशाला तकनीशियन9300972584
4 श्री मुकेश कुमार भुआर्य12thBotanyप्रयोगशाला परिचारक7000792669
Botany Department Photos